International Relations Office
Universitas Muhammadiyah Malang
International Relations Office
Universitas Muhammadiyah Malang

Learning Express Malang, Maret 2014

Author : Administrator | Selasa, 19 Agustus 2014 16:21 WIB
Learning Express Malang, Maret 2014

 

Learning Express Malang

Project Area 1
Punten Village, Indonesia

Objective: To develop a safer and environmentally-friendly system in the cottage industry that can also help to hasten the process of preparing the Ting Ting Jahe (Ginger Candy).

Issues and problems:

Many households in Punten village are involved in producing various types of ginger food products. The process and working environment are still based on very traditional and ineffective ways. The Alin Jaya Factory is involved in manufacturing of numerous food products (e.g.: Spinach crackers, apple crackers, soya crackers, etc.) but they are most notable for the production of Ting Ting Jahe (Ginger Candy).

The production of Ting Ting Jahe is a strenuous and tiring process that involves flattening of candy before cutting it into different sizes. One of the major problems that the factory workers face is having to handle the candy right after it is freshly cooked and this often leaves blisters on their fingers. There is also a lack of efficiency and safety as PVC pipes are used to flatten the hot candy before it is being cut manually into different sizes. The lack of efficiency is a problem as the workers have a quota of 9kg of candies to achieve and failure to meet this quota will result in the deduction of their pay.

The workers are keen to develop a safer and environmentally-friendly system in the cottage industry that can also help to hasten the process of preparing the Ting Ting Jahe. The workers would also like to find other ways to earn additional income apart from working at the factory.

Key insights

Based on their empathy study, the team has established the following key insights:

  1. There is a lack of efficiency in the candy flattening process.
  2. There is an inconsistency in candy size due to manual cutting.
  3. There is a lack of income for personal needs.

Need statement:

  1. I need an effective and efficient candy flattening process.
  2. I need a consistent candy sizing process.
  3. I need to earn additional income apart from working at the Ting Ting Jahe factory.

Solution and Prototype:

For need statement 1: I need an effective and efficient candy flattening process.

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This prototype involves using a hand crank to control the rolling pin attached to flatten the candy. By rotating the hand crank, it will rotate the rolling pin which will ultimately flatten the candy that goes through the rolling pin. There are also different inclinations for the ramp.

For need statement 2: I need a consistent candy sizing process.

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The cutting board consists of a sliding tray compartment to easily slide in the tray used to contain the flattened candy. There are also different sizes of removable cutting blades to cut the candy into different sizes consistently. The cutting blade also improves the efficiency as it is able to cut the flattened candy into few smaller candies at one go.

For need statement 3: I need to earn additional income apart from working at the Ting Ting Jahe factory

Tourism Concept

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The team has developed a concept – tourism concept. The tourism concept consists of the factory workers earning additional income through organising various tours and activities in Punten Village for tourists.

It includes:

  • A flower tour concept where the workers can conduct flower picking and flower arrangement workshops.
  • A vegetable tour concept where the workers can conduct traditional cooking classes as well as a factory tour.
  • A fruit tour concept where the workers can conduct fruit picking and traditional cooking classes.

The workers can also conduct other various activities such as:

  • Trekking
  • Village tour
  • Sunrise watching
  • BBQ session
  • Traditional performance

The tourism concept enables the worker to earn income through being a local tour guide, conducting traditional cooking classes, arranging for traditional performances and also provide lodging for the tourists.


Project Area 2
Batu, Gunung Sari Village, Indonesia, Malang Regency (Rose Garden)

Objective: To explore effective ways to plant, process and package roses to be sold locally and internationally and to find ways to boost Gunung Sari reputation as a tourism village.

Issues and problems:

Gunung Sari is located 800 metres above sea level with a cool climate suitable for planting roses. Given its favourable weather conditions and rose plantation which they are famous for, Gunung Sari has explored various ways to show its eco-tourism potential to domestic and overseas tourists.

However, many farmers are interested in expanding their business. Hence, they are keen to explore an effective way to plant, process and package roses to be sold locally and internationally and to also find ways to boost Gunung Sari reputation as an eco-tourism village.

One of the major problems that farmers face in their quest to boost Gunung Sari reputation as an eco-tourism village is the lack of knowledge in agriculture and network.

Key Insights:

Based on their empathy study, the team has established the following key insights:

  1. It is observed that rose farmers are richer than other farmers.
  2. There is poor communication among the leaders of the village.
  3. The villagers tend to put profit before environment.
  4. Low cost & simplicity
  5. There is a lack of knowledge in planting and marketing of roses.

Need statement:

I need access to knowledge to create small success.

Solution and prototypes:

Team Rose Garden has innovatively produced a 4-phase solution that aims to improve villagers’ lives in the long run. It targets to involve all farmers in the village in the long run so that the farmers can work together to achieve main goals and make Gunung Sari a successful eco-tourism village.

Phase 1 – Educating: Waste Bank & Workshop

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Phase 1 involves educating the farmers on the necessary skills and knowledge they require about agriculture and rose plantation.

The waste bank is utilised for product creation. The waste bank will be able to reduce wastage in village, convert waste to profits and raise awareness of Gunung Sari in Phase 2. The advantages that waste bank can provide for the villagers is that it helps to create job opportunities, reduce rose wastage, reduce the cost of organic fertilisers used as well as give house owners with cattle additional income.

The workshop will initially involve a small group of farmers and there will be a selection process for 1st batch of villagers to attend the workshop. These farmers will be chosen carefully based on experience, interest and personality and they should be highly dependent for success. They will be able to choose essential skills to learn.

Phase 2 – Sharing and exhibition session: Monthly Meeting & Exhibition

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Phase 2 involves sharing and exhibition session and consists of a monthly meeting,“Arisan Monthly Meeting”, as well as exhibition.

During the Arisan monthly meeting, villagers will pay a small investment fund that they have agreed to pay monthly. The meeting also provides a platform for sharing and bonding session between the farmers thus cultivating good communication.

At the exhibition, farmers can showcase the new products. This helps to create awareness in and out of the village and serves as a marketing strategy for the products. During the exhibition, the farmers can obtain feedback from others to see if they are supportive of the new product creation and encourage value-added products.

Phase 3 – Publication: Journalism
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Phase 3 involves obtaining public recognition for Gunung Sari through Journalism. This includes inviting famous journalist for a genuine homestay experience at Gunung Sari, after which the journalists will write a review on the homestay experience and village. The review will help Gunung Sari to gain publicity, improve their marketing as well as expand their network.

Phase 4 – Ecotourism: Promotional videos and Brochures

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With the publicity and marketing obtained during phase 3, the farmers will launch a series of promotional videos and brochures in phase 4 to improve tourism in the village. The brochures and videos will include rose spa, veggie massage as well as homestay itineraries to attract potential tourists. This will help to turn Gunung Sari into an eco-tourism village.


Project Area 3
Batu, Bumiaji Village, Indonesia, Malang Regency (Goat Milk)

Objectives: To find effective ways to improve the livelihood of the community by enhancing the efficiency of the farm in producing goat milk.

Issues and problems:

Bumiaji Village has a goat farm housing about 60 goats that is managed by a few families in the community. The farm uses traditional methods to breed goats, milk and pasteurise goat milk which is bottled and frozen to ensure freshness when it goes to the distributor. Good quality goat milks are used to turn into yoghurt and butter while lower or poor quality milk will be used to turn into inedible products such as soap. The farm also sells their frozen goat milk to other cities, however, the location must be near Bumiaji as the milk is stored only in an icebox during delivery.

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There are several issues and problems faced by the farmers daily. Firstly, the goat pens are made from bamboo and wood whereas the roof is made of sheet of steel and sometimes, the goats tend to chew off the structure. The team also noticed that the feeding trough seems too high and far for the goats resulting in difficulty for the goat to obtain their food as due to the big gaps and holes, the leg of the goats will get stuck when trying to reach for their food. There are also drainage issues as there is a lot of dirty stagnant water and waste around the pen and thus, the workers are required to consistently maintain cleanliness by sweeping the dirty water and waste away.

The Bumiaji community is keen to explore a more integrated and effective system in the end-to-end household production chain, thus improving the quality of milk and their livelihood.

Key insights:

Based on their empathy study, the team has established the following key insights:

  1. It is evident that the goat farm condition at Bumiaji is unconducive
  2. There is an inefficiency in the management system
  3. Lack of knowledge and funds to account for precautionary measures

Need statement:

  1. I need a better design with improved facilities to facilitate the milking process
  2. I need to educate my workers by restructuring the management system of my goat farm
  3. I need to implement and apply a standard guideline to improve hygiene and maintain a proper system of goat farming

Solution and prototypes:

For need statement 1: I need a better design with improved facilities to facilitate the milking process

a. Redesigning the layout of the farm to include an isolation room

Before

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After

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The isolation room is able to act as a separate shelter to isolate the milk from goat smell. The smaller room also means faster cooling of milk and smaller openings means lesser contact with air. It is also easy to clean if room are smaller.

b. Redesigning the pen including the food trough

Before (pen)

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After (pen)

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The door for the goats will be swung forward to facilitate easy movement for the goats.

Before (food trough)                                 After (food trough)

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3. New farming facility –  IM3

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IM3 is a manual milking machine that minimises contamination towards the milk. After the milk is squeezed into the container, the internal pressure is greater than the external causing the milk to reserve back into the teats.

For need statement 2: I need to educate my workers by restructuring the management system of my goat farm.

a. Breeding and feeding management system: Putting in place a Standard Operating Procedure (SOP)

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The SOP will help the farmers to understand the problems and risks they may encounter in the farm and how to reduce those risks.

  1. Marketing management system: Brand awareness through organising event and placing signboards around the farm

b. Marketing management system: Brand awareness through organising event and placing signboards around the farm

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The event will help the farm to gain recognition. Marketing of products can also be done through the various events and through placement of signboards around the farm. This way, consumer knows what type of product the farm is offering.

c. Marketing management system: Market survey

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Through the survey, the farmers know exactly what type of products their consumer wants and hence will produce the right product at the right amount. This helps to reduce wastage and increase sales.

For need statement 3: I need to implement and apply a standard guideline to improve hygiene and maintain a proper system of goat farming

a. Standard Operating Procedures (SOP)

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The SOP will standardize the farming process through a step-by-step instruction. After applying the SOP, the farm will become more orderly as the farmers are more aware of the steps to be taken for any activity and why it is done in the way they are. The farmers set a standard for the farm and will maintain it in order to reach the goal of having a certificate from the BPOM, the Indonesian agency for Drug and Food Control. This helps to improve hygiene standards.

b. Hazards Analysis & Critical Control Point

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The HACCP contains the flow of processes during production and also identify hygiene hazards and precautions to be taken. This helps to maintain proper hygiene standards in the production line.

Source : http://www.spi.edu.sg/learning-express-malang/

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